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PROFESSIONAL DOCUMENTS

US RESUMES

INTERNATIONAL RESUMES

Concise and frequently chronological

Detailed and not always chronological

One page is typically preferred

Two or more pages is typical

Does NOT include age, geographical preference, relationship status, religion, etc.

Sometimes includes age, geographical preference, relationship status, religion, etc.

Marketing tool which includes relevant jobs, education, skills and accomplishments

Explains academic and formal work experience

 

Visit Resumes and CVs page for tips on how to create your professional documents! 

 

Grammar and Pronunciation Resources

WORKING IN THE U.S. & VISA TYPES

International students can only work in the U.S. after receiving the proper authorization and with certain restrictions. Working in the U.S. without proper authorization is a serious violation of immigration policy and can lead to deportation.

IMPORTANT: If you are considering any type of employment in the U.S., first consult with the International Students and Scholars (ISS) office in Schleman Hall.

Before working in the U.S., all students must first obtain a U.S. social security number for employment and taxation purposes. Check with ISS on how to apply for a social security card.

 

IMMIGRATION STATUS IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY

  • Be aware of deadlines and expiration dates.
  • Know the rules/regulations of YOUR legal status.
  • Provide all needed documents promptly to the employer.
  • Track the process of your application.
  • DO NOT think a problem will just "work itself out."
  • DO NOT believe what your read in chatrooms.
  • DO NOT take advice from non-ISS faculty/staff about your immigration status.

 

VISA TYPES

Below is basic information regarding F-1, J-1 and H-1B visas. For more detailed information, please contact the International Students and Scholars (ISS) office located in Schleman Hall, Room 136.
***For all employment opportunities, international students MUST contact ISS.

 

F-1 STUDENTS

Practical Training (PT), which is employment for one academic year related to academic field of study, is available to F-1 students who have completed one full-time academic year. There are three types of PT. Details and guidelines for each can be found by visiting http://www.iss.purdue.edu/Current/F1/Employment.cfm

  • Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
  • Optional Practical Training (OPT)
  • OPT S.T.E.M. Extension

 

J-1 STUDENTS

Academic Training (AT) is available to J-1 Students and MUST be related to the curricular area of study. AT is available for a total of 18 months and J-1 students who obtain a Ph.D. may obtain an additional 18 months of AT employment. Details and guidelines for AT can be found by visiting http://www.iss.purdue.edu/Current/J1/Employment.cfm

 

H-1B EMPLOYMENT

F-1 or J-1 degree-holders (B.S., M.S. or Ph.D.) may be eligible for continued employment in H-1B status. H-1B applications are the sponsoring employer's responsibility. Petitions for H-1B employment may be requested for up to 6 years. Students can not apply on their own behalf. Details and guidelines for H-1B employment can be found by visiting http://www.iss.purdue.edu/FacultyStaff/H1B/Overview.cfm

Find your way to a green card! (Flowchart)

 

ONLINE RESOURCES

 

HAVE QUESTIONS ABOUT YOUR VISA STATUS?

The anxiety of being out-of-work is a substantial encumbrance. But along with the pressure of a job interview with American organizations, international students struggle with their visa status.

  • Only apply to positions that are applicable to your visa status: It is imperative that you don’t spend time pursuing American organizations and government agencies that exclusively hire United States citizens.
  • Extensively equip yourself with details of your visa status before the interview: Be informed about all the particulars concerning your work eligibility in the United States.
  • Respond to every question concerning your visa status in a direct, clear and assured manner: Any hesitance or extra elaboration might distract the employer from the true purpose of the interview, which is to focus on your skills and qualifications. The employer may unnecessarily contemplate the decision to hire you.
  • Introducing your visa status to recruiters is entirely up to you: Discussing your visa status with employers is not a requirement. However, if the employer addresses any questions regarding your work eligibility during the interview, answer the questions in an explicit and concise manner.

EMPLOYER EXPECTATIONS

The United States is a multicultural mosaic of 300 million people of mixed race and heritage, and is also the third largest country both in size and population. Despite the ethnic and cultural diversity, the US has a distinctive business culture and etiquette. A clear understanding of this business culture is vital for your success in an American business environment.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS CULTURE

The American Dream is ‘the common belief that every individual can thrive financially by being conscientious. This idea leads to a strong work ethic and merit-based system. Some consequences that may arise due to this culture are:

  • Long work hours
  • Frequent Overtime
  • Distinction between management & subordinates

 

In addition to a strong work ethic, American work culture places a heavy emphasis on individual initiative and achievement. Personal competence, professionalism and accountability for individual performance are vague. This leads to a work culture where:

  • Superiors are only consulted when absolutely necessary
  • Most business is carried out autonomously
  • Distinction between management & subordinates

 

Lastly, another important characteristic of the US business culture is its well-known informality. This is not meant to be disrespectful of people from other cultures, but is rather an expression of the prevalent egalitarian notion in American culture.

  • Titles are seldom used in business environments
  • Professionals will offer to use first names immediately

 

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION

In the business world, the primary purpose of conducting business is to exchange information, facts and opinions, which is why Americans have a direct style of interacting. Some ways communication is affected and tips for you to consider are:

  • Get to the point quickly
  • State your expectations clearly at the beginning
  • Should a conflict arise, address it with clarity
  • More importance is given to what is said than how it is said
  • Americans aren’t hesitant in saying “no” or criticizing others in public
  • Americans are uncomfortable in silent situations, compelling them to quickly fill in the gaps
  • If there are any changes or delays, inform the concerned party immediately
  • Ensure frequent communication via email or telephone (or any other preferred format)

This direct form of communication can often lead to ill feelings if the person involved belongs to a culture where business is conducted on a more personal level.

 

TIME IS MONEY

Business culture in the United States is fixated on time in contrast with other business cultures that are preoccupied with relationship building.

  • Most tangible asset is TIME, which can be saved, lost, found, invested or wasted
  • Wasting Time = Wasting Money
  • Meetings begin on the dot and are anticipated to proceed undisturbed
  • Schedules are important and deadlines are strictly adhered to
  • Emphasis is placed on high standard results in the quickest possible time

Some cultures may consider this as being hasty, however, it is in keeping with the American business culture that is very mindful of time. You wouldn’t want to be late for a meeting without calling in, or talking pointlessly during the interview, unless you had intention of exasperating the interviewers.

 

MEETINGS

Handshake. Meetings begin with a handshake, which should be accompanied with direct eye contact. This combination signals interest, sincerity and confidence to your American business partner.

Designation. Initially you should address your American business colleagues with their respective titles and last names. They will immediately inform you how they wish to be addressed and you can follow up by informing them of your preference on the same. They will not be offended, but will respect your sincerity.

Small Talk. At the start of the meeting, small talk allows for an ease of tension and creation of a comfortable atmosphere before “big business” commences. It can also serve as a tool for networking or testing the aura. Suitable topics range from work related matters to sports, travel, food etc. Avoid controversial topics such as religion or politics.

Business Cards. Business cards aren’t exchanged unless you wish to contact the person in the future. This exchange is not based on rules and usually takes place casually. It is not considered offensive if a US business associate stuffs your business card in his back pocket without reading it.

Dress Code.  The dress code may vary according to location and type of business, but wearing classic clothing (SUIT UP) in grey or navy will ensure that you give a confident and conservative appearance.

Privacy. Americans respect their privacy and personal space. They generally sit or stand further apart than people from Southern Europe, Saudi Arabia or Latin America. It is advisable to keep a comfortable distance of approximately 18 inches (or an arm’s length).

 

NEGOTIATIONS AND CONTRACTS

Negotiations are deal focused. They want to “get down to business” right away.

  • Building relationships and networking are usually done after the business is carried out
  • Negotiations are regarded as problem-solving situations based on mutual benefit and personal strengths
  • In addition, this requires a clear prominence of financial position and business power
  • Partners value information that is straightforward
  • They expect other delegates to express individualistic ideas and opinions

The main objective of negotiations --> Signed Contract

Contracts are legally binding documents that are commonplace in the US. During negotiations every legal aspect as well as fine point of the written agreement is scrutinized. If a disagreement arises in the future, a US company will follow the contact word for word. In the US, most procedures contain a set of rules, guidelines, state and federal laws that your US counterpart must follow; and you, as business partner, also adhere to.

 

AMERICAN BUSINESS LANGUAGE

Idiomatic expressions:

  • Many of the idioms are taken from sports (ballpark figure, game plan, home run) or military (rally the troops)
  • Americans may be unaware of their use of idioms, but for someone from a different culture, it could be challenging

Greetings:

  • The pervasive “how are you?” is by no means a question regarding your physical and emotional well-being, but is a way of greeting someone
  • Such a question is simply a polite greeting, which can be answered with “Fine. Thanks”

 

INTERVIEW GENERALITIES

The following sheds light on some of the common principles of US interviews:

  • Questions about age, disabilities, national origin, race, religion, marital status and veteran status are considered illegal to ask in the US
  • Eye contact is imperative because this demonstrates to American employers that you are confident in your skills and achievements
  • Don’t grip the interviewer’s hand too feebly or too strongly; firm handshakes indicate confidence
  • Expect direct questions regarding competence and experience
  • Exhibit that you have researched the company by showing interest and taking initiative
  • Inquiring about the status of an application post-interview is adequate and depicts interest in the company
  • Prepare questions to ask the interviewer
  • Gain more information on how to best prepare for your interview here
  • Drop in to the CCO office located in Young Hall, Room 132 between 10:00am and 4:00pm Monday-Friday for resume, cover letter and interview assistance

 

THE GLOBAL WORKPLACE

According to a research study done by the British Council (2012), the modern workplace is progressively globalized and competitive. Communicating with customers, colleagues and partners across international borders is now a daily affair for several workers around the world. Consequently, employers are under strong pressure to find employees who are not only technically proficient, but also culturally astute and able to thrive in a global work environment.

REMEMBER: you bring a unique perspective and background to American business. The following summarizes the opinions of four globally expanding companies about candidates with international experience or international candidates:

WHAT UNIQUE QUALITIES CANDIDATES WITH INTERNATIONAL EXPOSURE BRING TO AN ORGANIZATION
"International candidates bring unique thought processes and diverse perspectives...their home country knowledge, culture, and language skills are important for offshore branches." -Enova
"International candidates are often able to provide unique insight into new markets and initiatives." -Schlumberger
"The diversity of candidates promotes view-points and ideas which leads to diversified approaches to innovation." -Cummins
"International candidates or candidates with international exposure tend to be able to bring what they have seen at other location or look at things with a different perspective." -Intel

JOB SEARCH WEBSITES & BOOKS

RESOURCES

DESCRIPTION

The International Student Job Search

Webinar on Job searching strategies for International Students by University of Oklahoma.

Foreign-born.com

Web resource that walks students through moving to and living in the United States, providing insight into cultural norms, educational requirements, visa logistics and additional resources to support transition and adjustment.

Career Wiki

This site provides access to Purdue subscribed databases for employer research, career guides, job boards, major resources, and employment data.

Find the Company - H1B Visas

This research tool contains data on 176,000 companies that have recently filed applications for H1-B Visas. You can refine your search by a specific company, location, desired salary, or industry. To see further details on a specific company, simply click on it and find facts, and data visualization to help you on your research. You can also easily compare different companies by clicking the compare button.

Goinglobal

This site provides Career guides, global job and internship searches, a comprehensive database of worldwide employers, and customized search engine instantly queries thousands of US Department of Labor visa applications

H1 Base Website

This site includes extensive Information about the H1B Visa process, sponsorship and job searching for international students and workers. This site combines both free and fee services. Incorporated in this site is a list of “H1B Visa Sponsorship- Top Jobs and Professions Ranking”

H1visajobs.com

Series of online databases listing over 20,000 U.S. companies who have recently filed the appropriate paperwork to sponsor an international person for an H-1B visa. Useful for identifying companies to target in job search for employment on a Practical Training visa or H-1B visa.

International Student

Compilation of a number of helpful resources. We know that you already have enough fees to worry about with your education; this is why the majority of resources are offered are free!

International Student Network

Extensive online resource for international students around the world offering resources, information, services, and products for international students, which includes information on international student loans, student health insurance, international calling cards, and other useful information to help get students prepared for their time abroad.

International Student Website

This database includes articles, tips, job postings, resume writing, personal statements, test preparation, country work guides, visa and immigration information, and more to support students around the globe with international study and work opportunities. This resource creates extensive connections to best practices and available jobs/internships to enhance next career step opportunities.

MyVisaJobs.com

MyVisaJobs.com, founded by immigrants in 2006, is an information portal and online community for visa job hunters around the world. Its major services include annual and quarterly Reports for H1B Visa and Green Card, Customized H1B Visa Solution, Visa Sponsor Profile, Candidate Profile, Resume Service and Smart Apply for job applicants.

National Association for College Admission Counseling

NACAC's award-winning publications and other media resources, professional development programs and practical research efforts have all been designed to give counseling and admission professionals the tools they need to improve the counseling services they provide to students.

Uniworld

Find American firms and their locations in other countries and firms based in other countries with locations in the United States.

VisaJobs.com

This web resource is dedicated to identifying employment opportunities for foreign nationals wishing to live and work in the United States and Canada. The site provides a FREE listing of employers accepting H1B Visa holders, as well additional access to job listings for a fee. In addition, the site includes extensive resources around work authorizations, job searching, and industry specific information.

U.S. Department of Labor's Certification Data Disclosure (click on FLC Case Data)

Find companies who hired employees on H1B visa.

 

BOOKS

TITLE

DESCRIPTION

College entrance exam board. (2012). International student handbook 2013: All-new 26th edition. The College Board.

This resource includes information on 2,900 colleges, incorporating each school’s “international profile.” This guide covers financial aid, Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) requirements, housing availability, and special services for international students. It includes step-by-step guidelines on how to prepare for and apply to colleges in the United States, find financial aid and obtain a student visa. This resource is valuable for both career counselors, as well as International students.

Davis, Jay and Garrod, Andrew (1999). Crossing customs: International students write on US college life and culture. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.

Thirteen international students from various countries write on their experiences at Dartmouth College and share their perspective on U.S. college culture and life based on their experience.

Lipson, C., & Goodman, A.E. (2008). Succeeding as an international student in the US and canada. Illinois: The University of Chicago Press.

Succeeding is designed to help students navigate the myriad issues they will encounter—from picking a program to landing a campus job. Based on Lipson’s work with international students as well as extensive interviews with faculty and advisers, Succeeding includes practical suggestions for learning English, participating in class, and meeting with instructors. In addition it explains the rules of academic honesty as they are understood in U.S. and Canadian universities.

GET CONNECTED

Purdue International Connections (PIC)

Purdue International Connections (PIC) gives international students the opportunity to network and engage in professional discussions about job opportunities. We recognize the inherent challenges international students face surrounding job search and career development, so we strive to provide as many resources possible to help you become successful in the competitive workplace. Linkedin is a great tool for networking, job searching and enhancing your professional development. Create a profile to highlight your experiences, skills and future goals within your field of study/work.

 

POSSIBLE LINKEDIN GROUPS TO JOIN

  1. Purdue International Connections
  2. International Relations Network
  3. H-1B Visa Jobs
  4. Entry Level Jobs for OPT Students
  5. Job Openings for OPT/CPT Students – North America
  6. Looking for an Internship? Jobs & Internships in UK, US, Europe or China. Entry-Level Jobs Abroad

 

POSSIBLE TWITTER HANDLES TO FOLLOW

  1.        @Intstudents
  2.        @students_JOBS
  3.        @careers_intl

RESOURCES & JOB OPPORTUNITIES

Purdue Dean of Students

Leadership Development Workshops

Student Organizations

Housing and Food Services

Student Employment

Research and Development Opportunities

Purdue Research Park

Purdue University Discovery Park

Purdue Alumni Association

International Networks

Purdue Alumni Student Experience

Opportunities in Indiana

Indiana Intern

PMU Dining Services

Student Employment

International Students and Scholars

Clubs and Organizations

Global Professional Practice Programs

GEARE allows students to gain global competencies by study and intern abroad


G-PAL allows students to gain meaningful friendships through valuable global internship experiences.

Global Internships offered by Office of Professional Practice.

Student Affairs

VPSA jobs

Purdue Organizations

Organizations Directory

Summer Undergraduate Research

COE- SURF

Office of Professional Practice

Co-Op Opportunities

Study Abroad Office

Program Types

Toastmasters International

Toastmasters Club- Krannert School of Business

Entrepreneurial Leadership

Burton D. Morgan Center for Entrepreneurship

Certificate in Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Writing Lab

ESL Conversation Groups

Jobs in the Writing Lab

 

View internships and jobs available around the world through your myCCO account!

 

What is myCCO?

myCCO is a portal where Purdue students and alumni can apply for internships, full-time and part-time opportunities.

 

How can myCCO help me?

Employers posting jobs, internships, and other opportunities on myCCO want YOU. Using the myCCO service allows you to take advantage of Purdue University’s reputation and vast network of industry connections.

How do I get a myCCO account?

  1. As a first time user enter your PUID as both your user name and password.(NOTE: the first 2 digits MUST be a double zero (00) even if they're not included in your current PUID. For example: 0012345678). Your PUID (with the double zero) will always be your username to log in to myCCO. Once you have completed your myCCO profile, the system will send an email with your "NEW" password.
  2. Read the “Participation Agreement” and “Cancellation and Missed Interview Policy” before clicking “I Agree to Terms.”
  3. Complete all required fields when completing your profile.

Video Instructions

 

How can I make the most of myCCO? 

Upload Your Resume

  1.        Click on “Resumes ETC” on the top navigation bar.
  2.        Select “Add New.”
  3.        Add a descriptive label to help you remember each document. Employers will not be able to see the label.
  4.        Select your document type. Use “Other Documents” for your transcript.

Edit Profile Privacy to be included in Resume Books and receive emails from myCCO

  1. Resume Books are a feature of myCCO that allows employers to pull resumes from students who meet the criteria of a position they’re looking to fill. If you opt-in for resume books, you have the chance to receive an email or call from an employer about a position!
  2. CCO Career Consultants will email you every time there is an on-campus interviewing opportunity that hasn’t received a lot of applicants so you know about the opportunity. You will also receive the Inside Track-a weekly career newsletter that updates you on career events happening that week.

Search and Apply for Jobs & On-Campus Interviews

  1. Hover on “Jobs” on the top navigation bar.
  2. Click on “myCCO Interviews and Job Listings” on the drop-down menu.
  3. Use the search bar and the advanced search options to find job postings relevant you.
  4. Apply to a positing by clicking the “Apply” button and submitting the required documents. For some positions, you may not be able to apply. These positions are on-campus recruitment postings and you must meet all screening criteria, including major, degree, graduation date, and work authorization.
  5. Note: Read the job posting carefully as the employer may refer you to the company website to apply.

Create Job Search Agents

  1. After running an “Advanced Search,” Click “Saved Searches.”
  2. Give your search a title and set a schedule for new job posting to be sent to you.
  3. Select “Yes” for “New Results Only.”
  4. Click “Save.”

Video Instructions

Follow Purdue Internships on Twitter

  1. Purdue Internships keeps you connected to myCCO internship postings on a daily basis!

 

What else comes with a myCCO account?

  • Live Online Resume, Interview and Job Coaching: Brainfuse Job Now
  • Ability to practice interviewing using Big Interview
  • Access company data using Mergent Online
  • Access to listings of company information sessions
  • Network with company contacts who have recently recruited at Purdue
  • See what companies are coming to upcoming career fairs

 

Having trouble creating your account?

  • FORGOTTEN PASSWORD: If you think you have an existing account in myCCO but don't remember your PU-ID, email askcco@purdue.edu with the subject line: Existing myCCO Account Forgot PU-ID.
  • ALUMNI: If you need to request your PU-ID: Click here to submit the Alumni PU-ID Request form and the CCO will respond to your request within 3-5 business days.
  • FUTURE STUDENT: We look forward to seeing you on campus. Your PU-ID will work at the beginning of the semester that you start your full-time classes.
  • REGIONAL CAMPUS: Students attending any of the Purdue Regional Campuses or Statewide Technology locations pursuing a "Purdue" degree are eligible to utilize myCCO. Please contact your campus Career Services office.
  • POST DOC FELLOWS: Please complete the PU-ID Request form. In the Problem Description area please enter CURRENT POST DOC and the department that currently employs you. Note: When you create your myCCO account, select the graduation year you will finish your post doc position at Purdue University.

Have questions? Please contact the CCO at askcco@purdue.edu.

I agree to:

Accurate Information: Certify my job search documents to be truthful and accurate

Grant Access: Allow CCO to provide my job search documents to prospective employers

Honor Commitments: Keep all appointments that I've scheduled with employers and CCO Staff

Genuine Interest: Sign up for interviews with only employers with whom I'm interested in working

Professional Conduct: Accept an offer of employment in good faith and immediately notify employers of acceptance or non-acceptance of the offer. Withdraw from interviewing process and no longer pursue positions with other employers

Report Suspicious Inqueries: Understand that job seekers can be deceived by organizations posing as legitimate employers. Evidence of this behavior includes requests for personal information (i.e. social security numbers or credit card numbers) and requests for money. If you're suspicious of such an organization, do not respond to them and please share details with us at askcco@purdue.edu

Consequences for Non-Compliance: Accept that failure to adhere to any point in this agreement may result in the removal of my interview privileges in the Center for Career Opportunities

The CCO agrees to:

Provide Services: Assist you with your career decision-making and job search activities

Access of Information: Provide access to a range of career opportunities and types of employers

Non-Discrimination: Provide access and reasonable accommodations to prospective employers without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation or disability

Protect Confidentiality: Exercise sound judgment and fairness in maintaining your confidentiality

Student Advocacy: Respond to employer EEO non-compliance concerns and unethical behavior. Follow-up with those posting suspicious vacancies, when possible, and consult with students and alumni affected by this dubious behavior

On-campus Interviewing: Cancellation and Missed Interview Policy

If you must miss an interview, you are required to cancel it in advance. When you fail to cancel your interviews in a timely fashion or do not appear for your interviews, your actions reflect poorly on you as an individual and on the University as a whole. Not only do you inconvenience the employer, but you may also deprive another student of a valuable interview opportunity. These situations, if unchecked may also have more serious implications on the University's relationships with employers overall.

Therefore, the Center for Career Opportunities treats these incidents very seriously and advises you to take special note of the following Cancellation and Missed Interview Policy.

Interview Cancellation Policy

  • Cancellations will NOT be accepted via email or voice mail.
  • Students must appear in person in Young 132 to complete paper work before an interview can be cancelled
  • Students are required to give three business days or 72 hours notice to cancel an interview
  • Always investigate an alternate date with the employer before you cancel an interview
  • It is your responsibility to speak personally with the employer representative and explain why you will not be attending the interview. Be aware, however that the employer may still report you to the CCO
  • If you cancel an appointment directly with an employer, remember to also contact the CCO
  • Regional Campus Students ( Purdue Calumet, IUPUI, Purdue North Central and IUPU Ft Wayne ) are required to work through their Regional Career Services office to cancel interviews. The Regional Campus Liaison will forward the information regarding the cancellation

Sudden Illness or Serious Personal Emergency on Interview Day

  • Students are expected to contact the CCO (765) 494 - 3981 prior to their interview time. Employers check-in between 8 and 8:30 AM and should be notified prior to that time

Employers typically are not in the office on weekends. Monday appointments should be cancelled no later than Friday morning.

If you miss an interview:

  • Your myCCO account will be locked
  • You will receive an e-mail from CCO with instructions to come to Young 132 immediately to resolve this matter
  • You will be required to meet with a walk-in counselor and discuss the reason you missed the business appointment to which you committed
  • The discussion and your reason for missing the interview will determine whether or not your file will be reactivated and if you will have the opportunity to use myCCO in the future.